An Act providing for the licensing of perfusionists and
supplementing chapter 9 of Title 45 of the Revised Statutes.
Be It Enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of the
State of New Jersey:
C.45:9-37.94 Short title.
1. This act shall be known and may be cited as the "Perfusionist Licensing
C.45:9-37.95 Findings, declarations relative to perfusionist licensing.
2. The Legislature finds and declares that the public interest requires the
regulation of the practice of perfusion and the establishment of clear licensure
standards for perfusionists; and that the health and welfare of the residents of
the State will be protected by identifying to the public those individuals who
are qualified and legally authorized to practice perfusion.
C.45:9-37.96 Definitions relative to perfusionist licensing.
3. As used in this act:
"Board" means the State Board of Medical Examiners.
"Committee" means the Perfusionists Advisory Committee established pursuant to section 4 of this act.
"Extracorporeal circulation" means the diversion of a patient's blood through a heart-lung machine or a similar device that assumes the functions of the patient's heart, lungs, kidney, liver, or other organs.
"Perfusion" means the functions necessary for the support, treatment, measurement, or supplementation of the cardiovascular, circulatory or respiratory system or other organs, or a combination of those activities, and to ensure the safe management of physiologic functions by monitoring and analyzing the parameters of the systems under an order and under the supervision of a licensed physician, including:
(1) the use of extracorporeal circulation, long-term cardiopulmonary support techniques including extracorporeal carbon-dioxide removal and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and associated therapeutic and diagnostic technologies:
(2) counterpulsation, ventricular assistance, autotransfusion, blood conservation techniques, myocardial and organ preservation, extracorporeal life support, and isolated limb perfusion;
(3) the use of techniques involving blood management, advanced life support, and other related functions; and
(4) in the performance of the activities herein described:
(a) the administration of:
(i) pharmacological and therapeutic agents;
(ii) blood products or anesthetic agents through the extracorporeal circuit or through an intravenous line as ordered by a physician;
(b) the performance and use of:
(i) anticoagulation monitoring and analysis;
(ii) physiologic monitoring and analysis;
(iii) blood gas and chemistry monitoring and analysis;
(iv) hematologic monitoring and analysis;
(vii) hemoconcentration and hemodilution;
(viii) modified extracorporeal circulatory hemodialysis;
(c) the observation of signs and symptoms related to perfusion services, the determination of whether the signs and symptoms exhibit abnormal characteristics, and the implementation of appropriate reporting, perfusion protocols, or changes in or the initiation of emergency procedures.
"Perfusionist" means a person who is licensed to practice perfusion pursuant
to the provisions of this act.
C.45:9-37.97 Perfusionists Advisory Committee.
4. There is created within the Division of Consumer Affairs in the Department of Law and Public Safety, under the State Board of Medical Examiners, a Perfusionists Advisory Committee. The committee shall consist of seven members who are residents of the State. Except for the members first appointed, six of the members shall be licensed perfusionists under the provisions of this act and shall have been actively engaged in the practice of perfusion in the State for at least five years immediately preceding their appointment. The remaining member shall be a physician licensed to practice medicine and surgery pursuant to chapter 9 of Title 45 of the Revised Statutes.
The Governor shall appoint the members with the advice and consent of the
Senate. Each member shall be appointed for a term of three years, except that of
the perfusionist members first appointed, two shall serve for terms of three
years, two shall serve for terms of two years and two shall serve for terms of
one year. Any vacancy in the membership of the committee shall be filled for the
unexpired term in the manner provided by the original appointment. No member of
the committee may serve more than two successive terms in addition to any
unexpired term to which he has been appointed.
C.45:9-37.98 Compensation, reimbursement of members.
5. Members of the committee shall be compensated and reimbursed for expenses
and provided with office and meeting facilities and personnel required for the
proper conduct of the business of the committee.
C.45:9-37.99 Organization of committee.
6. The committee shall organize within 30 days after the appointment of its
members and shall annually elect from among its members a chairperson, who shall
be a perfusionist, and a vice-chairperson, and a secretary who need not be a
member of the committee. The committee shall meet twice a year and may hold
additional meetings as necessary to discharge its duties. A majority of the
committee membership shall constitute a quorum.
C.45:9-37.100 Powers, duties of committee.
7. The committee may have the following powers and duties, as delegated by the board:
a. Issue and renew licenses to perfusionists pursuant to the provisions of this act;
b. Suspend, revoke or fail to renew the license of a perfusionist pursuant to the provisions of P.L.1978, c. 73 (C.45:1-14 et seq.);
c. Establish standards for the continuing education of perfusionists subject to the requirements of section 15 of this act;
d. Maintain a record of every perfusionist licensed in this State, their place of business, place of residence, and the date and number of their license;
e. Adopt and publish a code of ethics for licensed perfusionists; and
f. Prescribe or change the charges for examinations, licensures, renewals and
other services performed pursuant to P.L.1974, c.46 (C.45:1-3.1 et seq.).
C.45:9-37.101 License required to practice perfusion; construction of act.
8. No person shall practice perfusion, whether or not compensation is received or expected, unless the person holds a valid license to practice perfusion in this State, except nothing in this act shall be construed to:
a. Prohibit any person licensed to practice under any other law from engaging in the practice for which he is licensed, registered or certified;
b. Prohibit any student enrolled in a bona fide perfusion training program recognized by the board from performing those duties which are necessary for the student's course of study, provided the duties are performed under the supervision and direction of a licensed perfusionist;
c. Prohibit any person from practicing perfusion within the scope of his official duties when employed by an agency, bureau or division of the federal government, serving in the Armed Forces or the Public Health Service of the United States, or employed by the Veterans Administration; or
d. Prohibit any person from performing autotransfusion or blood conservation
techniques under the supervision of a licensed physician.
C.45:9-37.102 Eligibility for licensure as perfusionist.
9. To be eligible to be licensed as a perfusionist, an applicant shall fulfill the following requirements:
a. Be at least 18 years of age;
b. Be of good moral character;
c. Successfully complete a perfusion education program with standards established by the Accreditation Committee for Perfusion Education and approved by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP), or a program with substantially equivalent standards approved by the board; and
d. Successfully complete the certification examination offered by the
American Board of Cardiovascular Perfusion (ABCP), or its successor, or a
substantially equivalent examination approved by the board.
C.45:9-37.103 Issuance of license; fee; renewal.
10. The board, in consultation with the committee, shall issue a license to any applicant who, in the opinion of the board, has satisfactorily met all the requirements of this act.
Except in the case of a temporary license issued pursuant to section 13 of
this act, all licenses shall be issued for a two-year period upon the payment of
the prescribed licensure fee, and shall be renewed upon filing of a renewal
application, the payment of a licensure fee and presentation of satisfactory
evidence that the renewal applicant has successfully completed the continuing
education requirements prescribed by this act.
C.45:9-37.104 Licensure of out-of-State perfusionist.
11. Upon payment to the board of a fee and the submission of a written
application on forms provided by it, the board, after consultation with the
committee, shall license without examination a perfusionist who is licensed,
registered or certified by another state or possession of the United States or
the District of Columbia which has standards substantially equivalent to those
of this State.
C.45:9-37.105 Qualification of current practitioner as licensed perfusionist.
12. For 180 days after the date procedures are established by the board for
applying for licensure under section 9 of this act, any person may qualify as a
licensed perfusionist, upon application for licensure and payment of the
appropriate fee, providing the applicant furnishes evidence satisfactory to the
board that he has been operating cardiopulmonary bypass systems for cardiac
surgical patients as his primary function in a health care facility for not less
than five years preceding the enactment date of this act.
C.45:9-37.106 Issuance of temporary license.
13. Upon payment to the board of a fee and the submission of a written
application on forms provided by it, the board shall issue a temporary license
to a person who has applied for licensure pursuant to this act, provided that
the applicant meets the requirements of subsections a., b., and c. of section 9
of this act and who, in the judgment of the board, after consultation with the
committee, is eligible for examination. An applicant with a temporary license
may practice only under the direct supervision of a licensed perfusionist. A
temporary license shall expire one year from its date of issuance, but may be
renewed for an additional one-year period. This temporary license shall be
surrendered to the board upon its expiration.
C.45:9-37.107 License required for designation as perfusionist.
14. No personshall use the title, "perfusionist" or the abbreviation, "LP" or
any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviations or insignia
indicating the practice of perfusion, unless licensed to practice perfusion
under the provisions of this act.
C.45:9-37.108 Duties of board, committee relative to continuing education requirements.
15. a. The board or committee, if so delegated by the board, shall:
(1) approve only continuing professional education programs as are available to all perfusionists in this State on a reasonable nondiscriminatory basis. Programs may be held within or without this State, but shall be held so as to allow perfusionists in all areas of the State to attend;
(2) establish standards for continuing professional education programs, including the specific subject matter and contents of courses of study;
(3) accredit education programs offering credits toward the continuing education requirements; and
(4) establish the number of credits of continuing professional education required by each applicant for license renewal. Each credit shall represent or be equivalent to one hour of actual course attendance.
b. If any applicant for renewal of registration completes a number of credit
hours in excess of the number established pursuant to paragraph (4) of
subsection a. of this section, the excess credits may, at the discretion of the
board, in consultation with the committee, be applicable to the continuing
education requirement for the following biennial period, but not thereafter.
C.45:9-37.109 Applicability of C.45:1-14 et seq. for enforcement of act.
16. The provisions of P.L.1978, c.73 (C.45:1-14 et seq.) shall apply to this
act. The authority of the board may be delegated to the committee at the
discretion of the board.
C.45:9-37.110 Rules, regulations.
17. The board, after consultation with the committee, shall adopt rules and
regulations pursuant to the "Administrative Procedure Act," P.L.1968, c.410
(C.52:14B-1 et seq.) necessary to effectuate the purposes of this act.
18. This act shall take effect immediately, except that sections 8 and 14 of
this act shall take effect on the 360th day following the effective date.
Approved June 24, 1999.